Category Archives: letters

Eritrea: UN HRC 32: Addressing human rights violations in Eritrea and the UN Commission of Inquiry’s findings

Eritrea: UN HRC 32: Addressing human rights violations in Eritrea and the UN Commission of Inquiry’s findings

To Permanent Representatives of
Members and Observer States of the
UN Human Rights Council

Geneva, 20 June 2016

RE: Addressing human rights violations in Eritrea and the UN Commission of Inquiry’s findings

Your Excellency,

We, the undersigned civil society organisations (CSOs), write to express our grave concern about the Eritrean Government’s continued and egregious violations of human rights. We urge your delegation to co-sponsor a resolution renewing the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Eritrea and supporting the establishment of robust accountability mechanisms to facilitate access to justice to the victims of human rights violations and crimes against humanity in Eritrea during the 32nd session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UN HRC).

The mandate of the UN Commission of Inquiry (CoI) was established at the 26th session of the UN HRC with a view to assess human rights violations documented by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea. [1] The CoI’s mandate was extended at the 29th session and instructed to “investigate systematic, widespread and gross violations of human rights in Eritrea with a view to ensuring accountability, including where these violations may amount to crimes against humanity.”[2]

On 8 June 2016, the CoI released its second report, which states that “there are reasonable grounds to believe that crimes against humanity have been committed in Eritrea since 1991,” and that Eritrean government officials are responsible for crimes of enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearance, torture, other inhumane acts, persecution, rape and murder. [3]

The CoI further found that there has been no change in Eritrea’s national service policy since the CoI’s establishment in 2014, which includes the use of conscripts to carry out non-military work, including for State-owned and other enterprises. The CoI secured evidence that reprisals, including extrajudicial executions, for evasion of conscription remain rampant. Most recently, on 3 April 2016, armed forces opened fire in the centre of the capital Asmara, killing an unconfirmed number of young conscripts, who were being transferred from Tessney to Massawa, and attempted to visit their families while in Asmara.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, an estimated 5,000 Eritreans flee the country every month as a result of the dire human rights situation, some risking their lives to escape to Europe despite the dangers and obstacles they face in obtaining asylum.

Since June 2014, the Eritrean Ministry of Information has refused to cooperate with the CoI while publicly claiming that the CoI’s research constitutes a “campaign of unwarranted witch-hunting of Eritrea by an entity which has clearly opted to instrumentalise human rights to serve political agendas.”[4] In June 2015, the UN HRC’s President condemned attacks and intimidation perpetrated against members of the CoI during their mission to Geneva.[5]

In light of the lack of adequate national mechanisms to address the CoI findings and the Government of Eritrea’s claim that the report’s findings are “extreme and unfounded charges with no solid and legal evidence to support its conclusion,”[6] it is incumbent upon the international community, including the UN HRC, to facilitate access to justice for the victims of the Eritrean Government’s grave and systematic violations of international human rights law, including those amounting to crimes against humanity.

Therefore, we respectfully request your delegation to co-sponsor a resolution during the 32nd UN HRC session that:

  • Renews the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea for one year; provides the mandate holder with the necessary human and financial resources; and includes in her mandate the promotion of and reporting on the implementation of the CoI’s recommendations;

 

  • Supports the establishment of a structure by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights with a protection and promotion mandate, to assist in ensuring accountability for human rights violations in Eritrea, especially where such violations amount to crimes against humanity;

 

  • Requests the High Commissioner for Human Rights to report regularly on the situation of human rights in Eritrea; and

 

  • Transmits the report of the CoI to the UN General Assembly, the UN Security Council, and the UN Secretary-General.

 

Sincerely,

Amnesty International

Article 19

Christian Solidarity Worldwide

Citizens for Democratic Rights in Eritrea
CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
DefendDefenders (East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project)

Eritrean Initiative on Refugee Rights

Eritrean Law Society

Eritrean Movement for Democracy and Human Rights

Eritrean Unity for Justice

Eritreans for Human and Democratic Rights – UK

Freedom Friday

Human Rights Concern – Eritrea

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

International Service for Human Rights

Network of Eritrean Women

One Day Seyoum

Release Eritrea
Reporters Without Borders

Stop Slavery in Eritrea

Suwera Centre for Human Rights

World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)

[1] A/HRC/RES/26/24, 27 June 2014

[2] A/HRC/RES/29/18, 22 July 2015

[3] Report of the commission of inquiry on human rights in Eritrea, A/HRC/32/47, 8 June 2016

[4] Eritrean Ministry of Information, “’Commission of Inquiry’: Unwarranted witch-hunting of Eritrea”, 12 December 2015, http://www.shabait.com/editorial/press-release/21422-commission-of-inquiry-unwarranted-witch-hunting-of-eritrea

[5] Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea, 29th Session of the UN HRC, 23 June 2015

[6] Statement by Mr Osman Saleh, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Eritrea, 32nd Session of the UN HRC, 14 June 2014

http://www.omct.org/statements/eritrea/2016/06/d23808/

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An Open letter to H.E. Mr. Ron Dermer, by Dr. Bereket Habte Selassie

An Open letter to H.E. Mr. Ron Dermer,
Ambassador of Israel to the United States of America
Embassy of Israel, Washington D.C.

Dear Ambassador Dermer,

I am writing on behalf of thousands of Eritreans who are in Israel in conditions that raise serious concerns of human rights and humanitarian issues. They have been corralled and placed in mass detention camps in the Negev desert by the government of Israel. Recently, they broke out of the camp in protest, in a desperate effort to tell the world about their conditions. Who are these people, and why have they been treated in a manner unworthy of Israel? They are refugees forced out of their beloved homeland because of repression and conditions of forced labor practiced by the government of Eritrea. The repression and conditions of forced labor have been condemned by the United Nations whose Council on Human Rights recently appointed a Commission of Inquiry to investigate Eritrea’s egregious human rights violations.

These young people are not economic refugees in search of work in Israel but victims of an intolerable condition of life that left them no alternative but to flee. They find themselves in Israel because Israel is, like Egypt and Libya, a gateway to their ultimate destination—Europe (and America). In this hazardous journey, these people have passed through hell; some have survived a cruel fate, including torture at the hands of human traffickers and human organ harvesters. They chose Israel as a safer alternative gateway, only to end up warehoused like cattle in detention camps. And the entire world has seen scenes of Israeli security forces mistreating them when they organized a protest march having broken out of the detention camp. Such treatments serve neither the end of justice nor Israel’s security imperative.

Mr. Ambassador,

In view of the conditions that forced these refugees out of their homes—en route to Europe—and given the limit of Israel’s capacity to absorb them, surely the sensible way to handle the problem is for Israel to take the initiative to help launch an international strategy to resettle them elsewhere in the world. I appeal to you, in the name of justice and of the founding values of democracy and humanity on which we hear Israel was created, to urge your government to do everything in their power to find ways of resettling these refugees elsewhere. In the meantime, it behooves the Israeli government to make sure that these refugees are treated humanely. I recently heard you being interviewed by a prominent American newsman, and was impressed by the eloquence with which you presented Israel’s case regarding some current security issues in the region. Whether I agree with you or not is beside the point; the point is the clarity and coherence with you which you stated your case. On the same occasion, Mr. Shimon Perez, the former President of Israel, was interviewed by the same newsman. In one of his remarks, Mr. Perez said that being Jewish (and Israeli) is synonymous with being democrat. I am paraphrasing his remark, but in essence it said categorically that Israel is a democratic and humane nation because its Jewish population is made up of men and women who embrace democratic and humane values. He seemed to say that this is in their DNA; and that was what prompted me to write this open letter.

It may also be of interest to add a couple of points. First of all, I am an American citizen of Eritrean origin who is now an academic having worked as a high-ranking government official in the administration of justice, in Ethiopia. Moreover, I have been in Israel; the first and last time I was in Israel was as a young lawyer who had the rare opportunity of attending the Eichmann trial, an experience that enabled me to gain a unique insight into the “Jewish Question” in European and world history. I heard the stories of many Holocaust survivors relate their horrendous experience; as some broke down, Gideon Hausner, the Attorney General, broke down with them, and was admonished by Judge Landau who told him to compose himself. It was a moving experience that is indelible in the mind and inevitably colors one’s view on things. Mind you, that unique experience also often raised in my mind questions concerning Israeli government policy and actions with respect to Palestinian rights. Such questions were revived in my mind as I heard President Perez speak about the democratic and humane values that he said animate Israel’s governance. Surely, those democratic and humane values should operate to govern the treatment of these unfortunate souls. Again, I appeal to you to urge your government to find a satisfactory solution to the plight of the Eritrea refugees. It is not my place to tell you as to what should exactly be done beyond what I suggested above, in general terms.

In conclusion, need I remind you of two prohibitions by international norms that must be observed with utmost care. One is that the refugees should not be subjected to any form of harsh treatment by anybody. After all, most of them left their homelands to escape harsh treatment. The second prohibition is against the forcible repatriation of refugees to their country of origin. No one should be sent back against his or her will. As you know, this is one of the most critical questions on which all civilized behavior is judged. I hope and trust that Israel will not repatriate any refugee against his or will. History and God will be your judge.

Respectfully,

Dr. Bereket Habte Selassie
Distinguished Professor of African Studies and Professor of Law
The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
bselassi@email.unc.edu. Tel: (919)962-3538. Fax: (919)962-2694

An open letter to the Government of Germany concerning launching of an affirmative action for German people of colour

An open letter to the Government of Germany concerning launching of an affirmative action for German people of colour
Dr. Tadios Tesfu

ቅልዕቲ ደብዳቤ ካበ ዶር/ ታድዮስ ተስፉ ንመንግስቲ ጀርመን ንጠለብ ኮታ ንጸለምቲ ኣብ ስራሕ ብዝምልከት፡

እዛ ኣብ ታሕቲ ዘላ ቅልዕቲ ደብዳቤ ናብ መንግስቲ ጀርመን ዘቅነዔት ምሕጽንታ ብሕጽር ዝበለ ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ትብል፡፡
ኣብ ጀርመን ኣስታት 500.000 (ፍርቂ ሚልዮን) ጸለምቲ ይነብሩ ካብዚኦም ግን ዋላ ሓደ ኣብ ፖሊቲካ ይኹን ኣብ ዓበይቲ ትካላት ናይ መንግስቲ ከምኡ’ዉን ናይ ግሊ ኣብ ሓላፍነት ዘሎ ሰብ የለን፡፡ እዚ ማለት ግን ጸለምቲ ኣብ ጀርመን ዘይተማህሩን ብቅዓት ዝጎደሎምን ዝስ ዝኾኑ ዘይኮነ ኣብ ናይ ስራሕ ዕዳጋ ብምኸንያት ሕብሪ ቆርበቶም ጥራሕ ስለዝምዝመዙ ብብቅዓቶም ኣብ ዘፍርይዎ ቦታ ክመጹ የጸግሞም ወይ ዘይሕሰብ ይኸዉን፡፡ በዚ ምኽንያት ድማ እቶም ዳሕረዎት ወለዶ ኣርኣያን ኣብነትን ስለዝጎድሎም ዝለዓለ ናይ ትምህርቲ ደረጃ ይኹን ናይ ስራሕ ቦታ ንኽድልቡ ዘተባብዕ ሃዋህዉ ኣይፈጥረሎምን፡፡ ስለዚ ድማ ዶር/ ታድዮስ ተስፉ ነዚ ኣብ ግምት ብምእታዉ ንመንግስቲ ጀርመን ነዚ ተረኽቦ’ዚ ብሕጊ ክከታተሎ ምሕጽንትኡ የቅርብ፡፡
እዚ ናይ ጸለምቲ ጸገም ኣብ ጀርመን ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ኣብ ኩሉ ምዕራባዊ ዓለም ክህሉ ስለዝኽእል እቶም ዓቅሚ ዘለኮም ምሁራት ተመሳሳሊ ጠለብ ንእትነብሩለን መንግስታት ክተቅርቡ ለባዋኡ የቀድም፡፡
Ein offener Brief an die Bundesregierung Deutschland
An die
Bundeskanzlerin Dr. Angela Merkel (CDU)
Bundesarbeitsministerin Dr. Andrea Nahles (SPD)
Bundesbildungsministerin Prof. Dr. Johanna Wanka (CDU)
Stellv. Bundesparteivorsitzende der Partei Die Linke Dr. Sahra Wagenknecht
Sprecherin für Flüchtlingspolitik und Bürgeranliegen der Bündnis90/Die Grünen Frau Luise Amtsberg
Sprecherin für Migration, Integration und Petition der Bündnis90/Die Grünen Frau Mürvet Öztürk

Frankfurt am Main, den 3. Juni 2014

Betr.: Appell zur Einführung einer gesetzlichen Quote für dunkelhäutige Deutsche am Arbeitsmarkt

Sehr verehrte Damen,

zuerst möchte ich Ihnen für den Erfolg Ihrer Partei in der Europawahl gratulieren, dass Deutschland eine starke Position gegen die rechtspublizistischen Tendenzen in Europa darstellt. Chancengleichheit war eines der Wahlmottos, mit dem die Wähler geworben wurden. Es ist mit Freude zu sehen, dass Sie mit Ihrer Fähigkeit und hohem Bildungsniveau Deutschland regieren und Vorbilder für viele Frauen in der Welt sind. Damit machen Sie die Chancengleichheit für Frauen in der männerdominanten Führungsebene zu einer gelebten Realität. An diesem Punkt möchte ich mein heutiges Anliegen anknüpfen: Chancengleichheit wünsche ich mir auch für die dunkelhäutigen Menschen in Deutschland!
In einer Zeit, wo die weltwirtschaftliche Krise von 2008 in Deutschland überwunden zu sein scheint und die Zahl der Arbeitslosen unter 3 Millionen gesunken ist, steht Deutschland wirtschaftlich stark wie noch nie in der Welt. Dennoch ist es eine traurige Tatsache, dass die dunkelhäutigen deutschen Mitbürger, trotz den Integrationsbemühungen der Bundesregierung, vom jetzigen wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung wenig profitieren.

Als promovierter Naturwissenschaftler und deutscher Staatsbürger mit eritreischer Herkunft habe ich in Deutschland umfassende Bildung genossen und schätze daher das friedliche, sichere und menschenwürdige Zusammenleben mit meinen Mitbürgern sehr. Ich kann auf einen hervorragenden akademischen und beruflichen Werdegang im Bereich erneuerbarer Energietechnik und Nanotechnologie zurückblicken. Diese Erfolge habe ich mit Disziplin, Fleiß und der Bereitschaft, mich in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu assimilieren, erzielt. Dennoch stelle ich immer wieder fest, sowohl als wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in meinem Beruf als auch in meiner ehrenamtlichen Arbeit als Vorsitzender vieler afrikanischer Vereine, dass Wörter wie Integration und Chancengleichheit am Arbeitsmarkt für Deutsche mit dunkler Hautfarbe nur auf Papier existieren. Nach fast dreißig Jahren hier in Deutschland lebe ich trotzdem noch mit dem Gefühl, ein Mensch zweiter Klasse zu sein. Dies wird durch die subtilen Vorurteile im Alltag (Schwarz ist gleich fremd und schlecht) hervorgerufen, die wie ein ungeschriebenes Gesetz in der öffentlichen Meinung der deutschen Gesellschaft herrschen. Auch das menschenverachtende Handeln wie z.B. Racial Profiling, also das gezielte Kontrollieren von Menschen aufgrund ihrer Rasse oder ethnischer Zugehörigkeit, führt zu Marginalisierung von Minderheiten in Deutschland.

Laut den Studien von J.W. Berry (Acculturation and adaptation in a new society, 1992), R. Taft, (Coping with unfamiliar cultures, 1977) und der Soziologin Nkechi Madubuko (Akkulturationsstress von Migranten, 2011) führt kultureller Anpassungsstress zu Minderwertigkeits- und Entfremdungsgefühlen, zur Depression und einer erhöhten Anfälligkeit für psychosomatische Reaktionen. Madubuko findet in ihrer Forschung heraus, dass schwarze Akademiker durch die Konfrontation mit Stereotypen und Vorurteilen einem stärkeren Akkulturationsstress ausgesetzt sind, auf den sie mit bestimmten Verhaltensmustern reagieren. Nicht selten müssten sie auf ihren Fachgebieten viel mehr leisten als andere, um eine gleiche gesellschaftliche Anerkennung zu erfahren. Die Forscher weisen hier auf eine Beziehung zwischen der Akkulturationserfahrung und dem daraus resultierenden Stress, beeinflusst u.a. von der Migrationspolitik des Gastlandes und der Struktur der Gastgesellschaft.

Obwohl dunkelhäutige Menschen in Deutschland seit den 80er-Jahren mit ihren wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Beiträgen Deutschland zum Erfolg verhelfen, sind sie noch nicht in die Mitte der deutschen Gesellschaft angekommen. Solange die Integration nur von den Migranten verlangt wird, und es in der hiesigen Gesellschaft an Willkommenskultur und Akzeptanz der Migranten als eignes Glied mangelt, werden die dunkelhäutigen Deutschen immer nur „Deutsche auf Papier“ sein.

Als Vater zwei kleiner Kinder beunruhigt mich die unsichere und ungewisse Zukunftsentwicklung meiner Kinder in Deutschland. Den Kindern der dunkelhäutigen Deutschen fehlen Vorbilder in der Politik und Wirtschaft. Es gibt keine Führungspositionen in der Öffentlichkeit, die mit dunkelhäutigen Deutschen besetzt sind. Eine Rede, die Barak Obama 2004 auf dem Parteitag der Demokraten gehalten hat, wird es vermutlich hier in Deutschland bald nicht geben. Ich frage mich, wie die dunkelhäutigen Deutschen ihre Kinder motivieren sollen, erfolgreiche deutsche Mitbürger zu werden, wenn sie selbst trotz guter Qualifikation nicht die gleichen Chancen auf Karriere in Deutschland haben. Hier sind die alleinerziehenden dunkelhäutigen Akademikerinnen von diesem Problem zweifach betroffen.

Statistiken über die Bevölkerungszahl, Berufsfelder und Bildungsniveau der dunkelhäutigen Deutschen liegen leider vom Statistischen Bundesamt nicht vor. Laut „Initiative Schwarze Menschen in Deutschland“ (ISD) beträgt die Zahl der schwarzen Bevölkerung ca. 500.000. Hier sehe ich einen dringenden Handlungsbedarf seitens der Bundesregierung, Lage und Problemen von dunkelhäutigen
Menschen in Deutschland größere Beachtung zu schenken und dies zum Gegenstand einer intensiveren Forschung zu machen.

Ich halte die Förderung und Bevorzugung von Frauen und behinderten Menschen im öffentlichen Dienst bei gleicher Eignung (Qualifikation) für richtig. Bei der Diskussion für die Einführung von gesetzlicher Frauenquote in Führungspositionen möchte ich jedoch hinweisen, dass die Frauen mit dunkler Hautfarbe nicht vergessen werden dürfen.

Um eine Akzeptanz der dunkelhäutigen Menschen in Deutschland zu realisieren, müssen politische, wirtschaftliche und soziale Rahmenbedingungen geschaffen werden. Gesetzgebung spielt hier eine wichtige Rolle. Daher schlage ich vor, eine gesetzliche Quote für dunkelhäutige Deutsche am Arbeitsmarkt unverzüglich einzuführen.

Ich bitte Sie diesbezüglich um ein Gespräch und eine Anhörung im Bundestag.

Ich danke Ihnen für Ihre Mühe im Voraus und verbleibe

mit freundlichen Grüßen

Dr. Tadios Tesfu

Letter of Appeal to Mr. José Manuel Barroso

To: Mr. José Manuel Barroso
European Commission President
November 9th,2013

Subject: Eritrean Refugees in Ethiopia

We the undersigned Eritrean civil society organizations, together with various civil society and human rights organizations have been working to draw the attention of the international community to the plight of and protect the rights of thousands of Eritreans who are facing dire conditions after having been forced to flee their country, Eritrea to escape political repression and human rights violations in general and the continued compulsory military service in Eritrea that has been made open ended since the year 2002 in particular.
As you are fully aware, the flagrant human rights violations in Eritrea and the total absence of the rule of law added to the unresolved border dispute with Ethiopia have made our country one of the largest refugee producing countries in the world. As the result, all Eritreans, especially those of young age have been leaving Eritrea in their thousands to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries such as Sudan and Ethiopia where they live in refugee camps in extremely dire living conditions. Worse again, they have become the primary target of human traffickers who continue to kidnap refugees for ransom and/or organ harvesting in the Egyptian Sinai and elsewhere in the region. Those who out of desperation have decided to take the dangerous route across the Sahara desert with the hope of making it to safety in Europe have been victims of organised smuggling and trafficking, with many of them perishing in the Sahara, in various detention centres in Libya and in the Mediterranean. The recent tragedy in Lampedusa shows the gravity of the problem Eritrean and other African refugees have been facing over the last decade.
While the world was shocked with the Lampedusa tragedy where over three hundred and sixty asylum seekers, mainly Eritreans who have fled Eritrea escaping political repression, Human rights violations and open ended compulsory military service in Eritrea, have perished in a single day, Eritreans received yet another disturbing news from refugee camps in Northern Ethiopia, thousands of refugees who had gathered in a peaceful demonstration to mourn the death of over three hundred of their compatriots in Lampedusa and also to protest against the ill treatment at the hands of the Ethiopian security forces as well as the widespread corruption by local officers in processing resettlement programmes. Sadly, the largely peaceful demonstration was confronted by armed security officers whose use of excessive force and live ammunition has resulted in several deaths, many more injuries as well as hundreds of arrests whose whereabouts remain unknown to this date. According to information coming from the refugee camps, the situation remains still tense with more arrests reportedly taking place.
During the past few weeks, several Human Rights organizations have appealed both to the Ethiopian Federal authorities and the UNHCR to make a thorough investigation and shed some light into the circumstances that led to the killing and injuring of several refugees demanding the release those who have been detained, explore ways of improving the living conditions in those camps and make sure that refugees are given the protection they deserve under international law.
Considering the facts that between 800 and 100 refugees continue to arrive in Ethiopia every month, we understand that this may constitute a huge burden on country’s meagre resources. We therefore call on the EU Commission to:
•Facilitate the process through which these refugees be resettled in other countries
•Urge the Ethiopian Federal authorities and the UNHCR to intervene and resolve this matter and
•Take all the necessary measures that would prevent traffickers operating freely from accessing the refugee camps and bring under arrest those disguise as refugees

While we hope that the modest contents of this appeal obtain your kind attention, we would like to assure you that we would be ready to liaise with you and assist in every effort aimed at alleviating the sufferings of our refugees. .

Sincerely yours,

•Eritrean Movement for Justice –EMJ ( mmeng39902@cox.net )
•Eritrean Civic Democratic Movement – ECDM (eritreancdm@gmail.com)
•Citizens for Democratic Rights in Eritrea – CDRiE ( cdrie2012@gmail.com )
1.http://www.unhcr.org.uk/news-and-views/news-list/news-detail/article/young-eritreans-in-ethiopia-face-future-in-limbo.html

CC to:
•Mr. Martin Shultz, President of the European Parliament
•Ms. Caterine Ashton, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
•Ms Kristalina Georgieva, EU Commissioner responsible for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response.
•Mr. Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees

ንጉዕዞ ታሪኽ ዝቕይር፣ እቲ ኣብ ዋላ ብጋህዲ ትርእዮ ነገር ዘይኮነ፣ እቲ ሕቡእ ብጋህዲ ዘይርኤ ግዛዕን ንጥፈታትን’ዩ!

ደብዳቤ ዶክተር በረኸት ብርሃነ ወልደኣብ ንተሳተፍቲ መኣዲ ዘተ ቢሾፍቱ (ኢትዮጵያ / ደብረዘይት) ዝተላእከት።
03 ጥቅምቲ 2013

ዝኸበርኩምን ዝኸበርክንን ተሳተፍቲ መኣዲ ዘተ ቢሾፍቱ (ኢትዮጵያ / ደብረዘይት)

ዝኸበርኩምን ዝኸበርክንን ኣባላት ኩለን ንደሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ ዝቃለሳ ማሕበራት መንእሰያት ኤርትራ

ንሕና ኤርትራውያን ነሕልፎ ዘለና እዋን ኣመና ዘሕዝንን ዘደንጹን ኢዩ። ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ኣብ መንጎ ሞትን ህይወትን ተቐርቂሮም ብኣሰቃቒ ሃለዋት ትልኽ ይብሉ ኣለው። ንሕና ግን ነቲ ኣረሜናዊ ስርዓት ኣሊና ስቅያት ህዝብና ደው ከም ዝብል ንምግባር እንበቕዓሉ ሓድነት ዕላማን ግብሪን ክህልወና ኣይከኣለን። ሃገርና ንድሕነታ ከይሰራሕናላ ኣብ ጥርዚ ምብትታን በጺሓ ኣላ። እቲ ኣብዚ ቅንያት ኣብ ማእከላይ ባሕሪ ዘጋጠመ መቕዘፍቲ ከኣ ሕልናና ክንኩሕኩሕ ዘገድደና ኢዩ።

ቅድሚ ሕጂ ገይረዮ ብዘይፈልጥ ኣገባብ ነዚ ደብዳበ’ዚ ብቐጥታ ናብ ኩልኻትኩም ክጽሕፈልኩም ዝተደረኽኩሉ ምኽንያት ነቲ ተስፋ- ኣልቦ ሕልሚ እናኾነ ዝኸይድ ዘሎ ኩነታትና ኣብ ምድሓን ክትሕግዙና ብምድላይ ኢዩ። ሰረት ስሙር ድምጺ ኤርትራዊ መንእሰይ ናይ ምህናጽ ተበግሶና ብሰንኪ ሓደገኛን ንሕጋዊ ስልጣን ዝጥሕስን ኣካይዳ ኣቦ መንበር ፈጻሚት ትርጉም-ኣልቦ ናይ ምዃን ሓደጋ ኣንጸላልዩዎ ኣሎ።

ነዚ ደብዳበ’ዚ ከም ኣቦ መንበር ባይቶ ናይቲ ቅድሚ 14 ኣዋርሕ ዝተመስረተ ስምረት ኤርትራውያን መንእሰያት ንድሕነት ሃገር ብዘለኒ ሓላፍነት ኢየ ዝጽሕፈልኩም ዘለኹ። እዚ ማሕበር’ዚ ብሓምለ 2012 ኣብ ከተማ ቢሾፍቱ ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ዘተ መንእሰያት ዝተወልደ ማሕበር ኢዩ። እቲ ናይ ሽዑ መኣዲ ዘተ ድማ ኣብ መላእ ዓለም ዝርከቡን ዝተፈላለየ ብዙሕነታዊ ድሕረ ባይታ ዘለዎምን ኤርትራውያን ደለይቲ ለውጢ መንእሰያት ዝተሳተፍዎ ከም ዝነበረ ኣይርሳዕን።
ሕልሚ ቢሾፍቱ ንህጹጽነት ጉዳይ ሃገርና ኣብ ግምት ብምእታው ኢዩ ተወሊዱ። ካብ ቅብጸተ ተስፋ ዝተወልደ ሕልሚ ከኣ ኢዩ ነይሩ። እቲ ሕልሚ በቲ ኣመና ዘበሳጩ ሃለዋት ደንበ ተቓውሞ ዝተደረኸ ኮይኑ ደንበ ተቓውሞ ለውጢ ንምርግጋጽ ዘኽእሎ ናይ ሓድነት ሓይሊ ረኺቡ ትንፋስ ክሰኩዕ ካብ ምድላይ ዝተበገሰ ሕልሚ ኢዩ ነይሩ። ሕልሚን ራእይን ናይቶም ንዝበዝሕ ክፋል ደለይቲ ለውጢ ኤርትራውያን መንእሰያት ወኪሎም ኣብቲ ዘተ ዝተሳተፉ ዜጋታት ኢዩ ነይሩ። እዚ ከኣ’ዩ ንትምኒት እቶም መንእሰያት ብርታዐን ተምሳጥን ወሲኹሉ ጸኒሑ።

እዚ መኣዲ ዘተ’ዚ ከም ኩሎም ናይ ዘተ መኣድታት ናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ሕጽረታትን ጉድለታትን ነይርዎ። እንተኾነ ግን እቶም ዝነበሩ ጸገማት ብመንጽር እቲ ዝነበረ ናይ ተሳተፍቲ ብርቱዕ ስምዒትን ሓያል መንፈስን ተራእዮም ከም ንኣሽቱ ሽግራት ኢዮም ተሓሊፎም። ከምኡ ምንባሩ ድማ ኣብ መዛዘሚ ናይቲ ዘተ ዝሓለፉ ውሳነታትን ዝወጹ መግለጺታትን ምስክር ኢዮም።

እቲ ንኹሎም ኤርትራውያን ደለይቲ ለውጢ መንእሰያት ኣብ ትሕቲ ሓደ ዓቢ ውዳበ ንምጥርናፍ ዝተወስደ ተበግሶ ገዚፍ ተበግሶ ኢዩ ነይሩ። እቶም ኣባላት ባይቶ ኮይኖም ዝተመርጹ 20 + 1 ኣባላት (እቲ ሓደ መንበር ነቶም ኣርዑት ህግደፍ ተጻዒንዎም ኣብ ውሽጢ ኤርትራ ዝነብሩ መንእሰያት ዝተዋህበ ኢዩ) እቲ መኣዲ ዘተ ንዘሰከሞም ሓላፍነት ብምትግባር ኣብ ውሽጢ ናይ ሓደ ዓመት ግዜ ንዝካየድ ኩሎም ማሕበራት መንእሰያት ብውክልና ዝሳተፍዎ ጉባኤ ናይ ምድላው ሓላፍነት ኢዩ ተዋሂብዎም። እቲ ዝካየድ ጉባኤ ድማ ንዝተፈላለየ ድምጺታት ኤርትራውያን መንእሰያት ጠሚሩ ስጥመትን ናይ ዕላማ ሓድነትን ብምፍጣር ከምኡ’ዉን ንቡርነት፣ ሰላም፣ ክብረት፣ ፍትሒን ናጽነትን ዘስፍን ቻርተር ብምሕንጻጽ ነዛ ኣብ ሽግር ወዲቓ ዘላ ሃገርናን ኣብ ጸበባ ዝርከብ ህዝብናን ዘድሕን ክኸዉን ኢዩ ነይሩ እቲ ትምኒት። እንተኾነ ግን ተመኩሮና፣ ጽበትና፣ ንሕጋጋትን ኣሰራርሓን ማሕበር ዝጥሕስ ኣካይዳና፣ ከምኡ’ዉን ደረት ኣልቦ ጥሙሕ
ዉሑዳት ኣባላት ነዚ ሃገራዊ ፕሮጀክት ደፊኡ ደፋፊኡ ኣብ ገምገም ጸድፊ ኣብጺሕዎ ኣሎ።

ሎሚ መዓልቲ ብኣቦ መንበር ፈጻሚ ኣካል ስ.ኤ.መ.ድ.ሃ ዝተጻሕፈ ወግዓዊ ደብዳበ (ኢ-መይል) ተቐቢለ። እቲ ደብዳበ ብ 29/09/2013 ን ብ 02/10/2013 ክልተ ኣኼባታት “ባይቶ” ከም ዝተኻየዱ ይሕብር። እዞም ክልተ ኣኼባታት ዘይሕጋውያንን ኣገባብ ዝሰሓቱን ኢዮም። ምኽንያቱ ብኣቦ መንበር ባይቶ ዝተጸዉዑ ስለዘይኮኑ። እዞም ኣኼባታት እዚኣቶም ክካየዱ ኣይጠለብኩን። ኣብቶም ዝተኻየዱ ኣኼባታት እዉን ኣይተሳተፍኩን። (ኣብ ኣጋ መወዳእታ ናይ ሓደ ዓመት ሕጋዊ ናይ ግዜ መቓን ዓመታዊ ሓባራዊ ኣኼባ ባይቶ ስምረት ክካየድ ክልተ ግዜ ብወግዒን ብጽሑፍን ዘቕረብኩዎም ጻውዒታት ብኣቦ መንበር ፈጻሚት ተነጺጎም ኢዮም።) እቲ ካብ ዝኸፍአን ዝያዳ ኣዕናዊን ተግባር ድማ ኩሎም ኣከራኸርቲ ጉዳያት ናይቲ ማሕበር ብግቡእ ከይተፈትሑ ከለው ኣብዞም ዝተጠቕሱ ክልተ ኣኼባታት ጉባኤ ስምረት ኣብ ቀዳማይ ሰሙን ናይ ወርሒ ታሕሳስ ክካየድ ዘይሓላፍነታዊን ህዉኽን ውሳነ ምሕላፉ ኢዩ። ኣቐዲሙ ብለካቲት 2013 ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ኣኼባ ብዛዕባ ምቛም ሸውዓተ ዝኣባላታ ኣሰናዳኢት ሽማግለ ብዝምልከት ዝሓለፈ ውሳነ ብፈጻሚ ኣካል ብኸፊል ክዕሎ እንከሎ ተሓታትነትን ሓላፍነትን ናይታ ሽማግለ እዉን በዚ ኣካል’ዚ ተመንዚዑ ኣሎ።

ብተወሳኺ እዚ ኹሉ ዘይሕጋዊ፣ ኢደ ወነናዊን ህውኽን ውሳነታት፣ ንጉዳይና ቀረባ ዝኾኑ ግዱሳት ውልቀሰባት ነቲ ብስቕታ ክወስዱዎ ዝጸንሑ ሃናጺ ተበግሶታት ምኽኑይን ስነ መጎታዊን መዛዘሚ ክገብሩሉ ኣብ ዝተቓረቡሉ እዋን ኢዮም ተወሲዶም።
ዝኸበርኩምን ዝኸበርክንን

ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ሒደት ዓመታት ብዙሓት ናይ ዘተ መኣድታት፣ ኣኼባታት፣ ዋዕላታትን ጉባኤታትን ተኻይዶም ኢዮም። ሓያሎ ኪዳናት፣ ሽርክነታትን ምትእኽኻባትን እዉን ተመስሪቶም ኢዮም። ኩሎም ከኣ ብብሱል ኣገባብ ዘይተፈጥሩን ንኽፍንጥሑ ግዜ ዘይወሰደሎምን ኢዮም። እቶም ኩሎም ኣብ ሰነዳት ብወርቃዊ ቃላት ዝተወረቑ ራእይታትን ተልእኾታትን ግብራውነት ክለብሱ ኣይተራእዩን። እዚ ከምዚ ኢሉ እንከሎ ድማ ከምቲ ኣብዚ ቅንያት ዘጋጠሙ ኣሰቅቕቲ ትራጀዲታት ኣብ ቅድሚ ኣዒንትና እናተፈጸሙ ከለው ተዓዘብቲ ጥራይ ኴንና ንቕጽል ኣለና።

ንጓዓዘሉ ዘለና ጎደና ሎሚ ዝያዳ ፍሉጥ ኮይኑ ኣሎ። ክብገሱ ከለው ህይወት ዝነበሮም ኣብ ትግባረ ከይበጽሑ ከኣ ዝተቐትሉ “ሬሳ” ሓሳባት ዝተዘርኦ ጎደና!! ርጡብ መልሲ ክርከበሉ ዝግባእ ዓቢ ሕቶ ኣሎ? ናይዚ ኹሉ ተኸታታሊ ፍሽለታት ምኽንያት እንታይ ክኸውን ይኽእል? ጸላኢና ከም ሎሚ ድኹም ኮይኑ ኣይፈልጥን። ኩሎም ሓይልታት ለውጢ ነዚ ድኻም’ዚ ክምዝምዙ ኢዩ ትጽቢት ዝግበረሎም። እቲ ዘሕዝንን ግርምቢጥ ኮይኑና ዘሎን ሓቂ ግን ሓይልታት ለውጢ ንዘዝመጸ ብሉጽ ተበግሶ ዝቖጺ ዊንታዊን ኣዕናዊን ተግባራት እናፈጸሙ ምቕጻሎም ኢዩ።

እዚ ሕጂ ኣብ ስምረት መንእሰያት ኤርትራ ንድሕነት ሃገር ኣጋጢሙ ዘሎ እዉን መቐጸልትኡ ኢዩ። ተወሳኺ ሕንፍሽፍሽ!! ፍሉጥ መስመር!! ኣሰር ቀዳሞት ፍሽለታት ስዒቡ ሓደጋ ፍሽለት ዘንጸላለዎ ፕሮጀክት!! ኢደ ወነናዊ ኣካይዳታትና ነቲ ብዙሕ ተስፋ ዝተነብረሉ ካልእ ሃገራዊ መደብ ብግስ ከይበለ ይቖጽዮ ኣሎ።
ሕጂ’ዉን እዞም ኩሎም ተኸታተልቲ ፍሽለታት እንታይ መመኽነይታ ኢዩ ክቐርበሎም? ነዚ ሕንፉሽ ኩነት ንምትንታን ዘኽእለና ርትዓዊ ኣገባብ ኣሎ’ዶ? ብርትዓዊ ሰብኣዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ተደሪኽና ክፍወስ ዝኽእል መስመርን ሽግራትን ከነለሊ ንኽእል’ዶ? ነቲ ጸገም ምልላይ መፍትሒ ንምርካብ ክሕግዘና ይኽእል ይኸውን።

ንሓይልታት ለውጢ ዘጋጥምዎም ዘለው ብድሆታት ኣብ ደረጃ ናይቲ ሽግር ዝፈጥር ዘሎ ኣተሓሳስባን ተግባርን ኴንካ ዝፍትሑ ኣይኮኑን። ዝበለዩ ኣገባባት ተኸቲልካ ምኻድ ዝቐደመ ጌጋ ምድጋም ኢዩ ዘስዕብ። ኣብ ሓደ ዓይነት ጌጋታት ንዘይምንባር ድማ ንጉዳያትና ብዕምቆት ክንምርምሮምን መጎታዊ መልሲ ክንረኽበሎምን ኣለና።

እቲ ጠንቂ ብዙሓት ፍሽለታት ኮይኑ ክቐርብ ዝኽእል ተደጋጋሚን ጉሉሕን ድኽመት፣ ብሕጋጋት፣ ስነ ምግባርን ኣሰራርሓን ውዳበታት ተማእዚዝካ ዘይምኻድ ኢዩ። መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ውዲታትን ናይ ዘይምቅዳው ተግባራትን ይንጸባረቕ፣ ከም ሳዕቤኑ ከኣ ናይ ተሓታትነትን ግሉጽነትን ጉድለታት ኣብ ዝኽሰተሉ እዋን “ሸፍኖ ሸፍኖ” እናተባህለ ይሕለፍ። ብኻልኣይ ደረጃ ድማ ዘይምትእምማን፣ ምክፍፋል፣ ምንጽጻግ ዝዓብለሎ ባህርያት ከም ጠንቂ ድኽመትና ክግለጹ ይኽእሉ። ነቲ መሰረታዊ ዘይኮነ ፍልልያትና ሰጊርና ብሽርክነት ክንቃለስ እንተዄንና ነቲ ኣብ መንጎና ዘሎ ዘይጠቅም ምጉርፋጥ ልዕሊ መትከላትን ዕላማታትን ቃልሲ ክንሰርዖ የብልናን። ዘለናዮ ግዜ ንስቓይ፣ ስደትን ሞትን ህዝብና ብመንጽር ሽርክነትን ናይ ሰዓሪ-ተሰዓሪ ስትራተጂን እንርእየሉ ግዜ ኣይኮነን። ኣብዚ ሓድሕድ ምድግጋፍ ዝጥለበሉ ዘሎ መድረኽ ሰዓሪን ተሰዓሪን ኴንካ ንምውጻእ ዘይኮነ ሓባራዊ ረብሓ ንምርግጋጽ ዝዓለመ ስትራተጂ ምኽታል ጥራይ ኢዩ ነባሪ ፍታሕ ዘምጽእ ኣማራጺና ክኸውን ዘለዎ።

ድሕሪ’ቲ ምስቶም ጽበትን ኢ-ርትዓውነትን ኣጥቂዕዎም ዘሎ ሓይልታት ን 14 ኣዋርሕ ዝተገብረ ድምጺ-ኣልቦ ዲፕሎማሲን ፍረ-ኣልቦ ጽምዶን፣ እቲ ኣብ ቢሾፍቱ ብጭልምልም ክረአ ጀሚሩ ዝነበረ ጩራ ተስፋ ብቕልጡፍ ይቕህም ኣሎ። ካብቲ ብሕጊ ዝተረከብኩዎ ኣቦ መንበርነት ናይቲ ንሓደ ዓመት ዝቖመ መሰጋገር ባይቶ ስ.ኤ.መ.ድ.ሃ ብዘይ ኣገባብ ተገሊፈ ኣለኹ። ንኹሉ ዝጽንብር ጉባኤ ክካየድ ዘሕለፍኩሞ ውሳነን መጻኢኹም ንምቕያስ እትውንንዎ ናጻ መሰልኩምን በቲ ንሕጊ ኣይምለኽን ኢሉ ዘሎ ፈጻሚ ኣካል ተመንዚዑ ኣሎ።

እቲ ንውሳኔታትኩም ክትግብር ዘቖምናዮ ፈጻሚ ኣካል ብኢደ ወነኑ ስልጣን ባይቶ ስምረት መንዚዑ ነቶም ኣብ ቢሾፍቱ ዝተሰማማዕኩምሎም ውሳነታት ጨውዩዎም ኣሎ። ኣብ ቢሾፍቱ ን 10 መዓልታት ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ዘተ፣ ብሓባር ኮነ ብጉጅለታት ተኸፋፊልኩም ኣብ ዘካየድኩሞ ምይይጥ ዘሕለፍኩሞም ስምምዓትን ውሳነታትን ካብ መንፈስ ድሌትኩም፣ ትምኒትኩምን ባህግኹምን ወጻኢ ከይፍጸሙ ንምቁጽጻር ሓላፍነት ምስ ተዋህበኒ ነቲ መዝነት ሕጉስን ትስፉውን ኮይነ ኢየ ተቐቢለዮ ነይረ። ብቅንዕና፣ እምነት፣ ትሕትናን ኣኽብሮትን እናዓየኹ ድማ ንዝተዋህበኒ ሓላፍነት ብዝግባእ ንምፍጻም ዝከኣለኒ ጽዒረ ኢየ።
ነዚ ዝስዕብ ሓጺር መዛዘሚ ቃል ክዛረብ ከለኹ እናሓዘንኩ ኢየ፦ ኣፍሺልናኩም። ስለዚ ድማ ነቲ ዝሃብኩምኒ ሓላፍነት እመልሰልኩም ኣለኹ።
ኣኽባሪኹም

በረኸት ብርሃነ ወልደኣብ

ኣቦ መንበር ባይቶ ስ.ኤ.መ.ድ.ሃ
ኢ-መይል፦ bereket.berhane@gmail.com

ቅዳሕ፦ ናብ ኩሎም ኣብ ቃልሲ ንደሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ መሻርኽቲ ዝኾኑ ኣካላት

Letter to EU High Representative Catherine Ashton

Eritrean Civic Democratic Movement
ዕለት/Date: 10/10/2013 ቁ/መዝገብ/Ref.NO: ECDM 10/2013/09

Baroness Catherine Ashton
High Representative of the European Union
for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Vice-President of the European Commission
242, rue de la Loi
B-1049 Brussels

Delft, October 10th,2013

Subject: The tragic boat accident in the Mediterranean sea Lampedusa (Italy) on 3 October 2013.

Dear High Representative,

We are writing to express our concern over the migration of the Eritrean youth is caused by internal conditions of their country that make life unbearable with no glimpse of hope. In Eritrea, the regime is totalitarian and human rights violations are evident: people detained, tortured, held incommunicado without informing the whereabouts of their families.

Eritrean refugees have been, since 2001, victims of traffickers who take thousands of dollars / euros per person for a very uncertain escape routes: Mediterranean Sea, Sinai desert, and the Gulf of Aden. Many lives have been lost and are still continuing in the Mediterranean Sea; organ harvesting along the routes of Sinai desert to Egypt has become a common practice. The latest tragedy at Lampedusa that claimed more than 350 lives has attracted the word’s attention.
Consequently, E.C.D.M wants to see EU take the lead for a complete resolve of the situation, and calls upon the EU:-
1. The victims’ bodies are to be sent back to Eritrea for a proper burial as it enforces the closure to their respective families.
2. To expedite the resettlement and rehabilitation process of the survivors of the incident.
3. Monitor the dangers routes of passage and help make ways for refugees safer and more secure.
4. Put pressure on Eritrea, Sudan, Ethiopia, Libya, Egypt, and Djibouti to stop the business of human smuggling and organ harvesting.
5. Launch an investigation by an independent body that probes the things that led to the tragedy.

Sincerely,
Board members of Eritrean Civic Democratic Movement.
Schubertlaan226
2625WC DELFT
The Netherlands

Cc:
Secretary-General of the European External Action Service (EEAS), Mr. Pierre Vimont
Deputy Secretary General for the European External Action Service (EEAS), Ms. Helga Schmid
Deputy Secretary General for the European External Action Service (EEAS), Mr. Maciej Popowski
EU Special Representative for Human Rights, Mr. Stavros Lambrinidis
Chair of the EU’s Political and Security Committee, Ambassador Mr. Walter Stevens
Ambassadors to the EU Political and Security Committee
Head of Cabinet to the High Representative, Mr. James Morrison
Advisor to the High Representative on Human Rights, Ms. Suvi Seppäläinen
Advisor to the High Representative on Americas, Mr. Christophe Parisot