ኩነታት ጸጥታን ምርግጋእን ሃገረ ሊብያ ካብ ክፉእ ናብ ዝገደደ ኩፉእ እንዳተቀየረ ከይዱ ኣሎ። ሽፍትነትን ኣኽራርነትን ኣብ ዝላዓለ ጥርዙ በጺሑ ከምዘሎን ማእከላይ መንግስቲ ሙሉእ ሙቑጽጻር ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ሊብያን ሃገር ሊብያን ስለዘይብሉ፡ ኩሉ ወዲ ሰብ ኣብ ሓደጋ ዝተሳጣሓሉ ኩነታት እዩ ዝርከብ። ኣብ ከምዚ ሓደገኛ ኩነታት ኣንካይዶ ስደተኛ ንገዛእ ርእሱ ህዝቢ ሊብያ እዉን እንተኾነ ዉሕስነት ጸጥታ ስለዘይብሉ፡ ስደተኛ ዝኾነ ሰብ በዚ ሃገር ኣቢለ ናብ ዝሓሸ ሃገር ክሳጋገር እየ ኢልካ ምሕሳብን ምፍታንን ርእሰ-ቅትለት ምፍጻም እዩ። ኩነታት ግብጺ፡ እስራኤል፡ የመን: ጁቡቲ: ሱዳንን ኢትዮጵያን እዉን እንተኾነ ከምዚ ትርእይዎ ዘለኹም ኩነታት ስለዝኾነ፡ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ዜጋ ሓቦን ኒሕን ተቀኒቱ ኣብ ሃገሩ ክጸንሕን፡ ኣብ ዉሽጢ ሃገሩ ዘሎ ሕማቕ ኩነታት ክፈትሕ ንክቓለስ ንጽዉዕ ኣሎና። ኣነ ኣይሰምዕን ዝረኸበት ትርከበኒ ኢሉ ነዚ ሓደገኛ ጉዕዞ ዝወስድ ሰብ እቲ ምርጫ ንእኡ ዝሕደግ እዩ። ወዮ ኣመለኛታት ዘይሕጋዉያን ኣሳጋገርቲ ሰባት ሃብቶም ከኻዕቡቱ፡ ሕጂ እዉን ዝረቀቀ ስብከትን ሜላን ንምሕባልኩም ክጥቀሙ ሙኻኖም ኣቀዲምኩም ክትፈልጡ ንደልየኩም ኣሎና። UNHCR ዋላ ፍላን ወዲ ፍላን ተጣባቂ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ክድሕነኒ እዩ ኢልካ ምሕሳብ ኣዝዩ ዝሃፈፈ ተስፋ ክኸዉን እዩ።
ኣብ’ዚ ዝሓለፈ ክልተ ሳምንቲ መራሒ ተቃዉሞ ኢትዮጵያ ንኤርትራ ደጀኑ ገይሩ ዝንቃሳቐስ ዝነበረ ኣቶ እንዳልካቸዉ ጽገ ካብ የመን ተታሒዙ ንኢትዮጵያ ድሕሪ ምእታዉ፡ ብፈደረላዊ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ዝተፈላለየ ጸጥታዉን ወትሃደራዊን ምንቅስቓሳት ይግበር ከምዘሎ እሙናት ምንጭታት ካብ ኢትዮጵያ የተንቡሁ። ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ሰሙን ዝላዓለ ናይ ፈደረላዊ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ተወከልቲ ምክልኻልን ጸጥታን ምስ ዝተመርጹ ተቃወምቲ ኤርትራ ኣብ መቀለ ዕጽዉ ርክብ ተገይሩ ነይሩ፡ ብዛዕባ እዚ ዝተኻየደ ርክብ ክስብ ሕጂ ብዝርዝር ዝፍለጥ ነገር ከምዘየሎን ከም መቀጸልትኡ ጽዑቕ ናይ ሰራዊትን ጸጥታን ኣካላዊን ማሽነራዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ንምዕራባዊ ወገን ዶባት ናይ ኢትዮጵያን ኤርትራ ይጽግዑ ከምዘለዉን፡ ጽዑቕ ናይ ወትሃደራዊ ስለያ ምንቅስቓስ ከምዘሎ ይሕብሩ። እዚ ወትሃደራዊን ስለያዊን ምንቅስቓሳት መናወራ ድዩ ወይስ ኣካላዊ መጥቃዕታት ክዉሰድ ምኻኑ ዝተፈልጠ ነገር የሎን። ብመንጸር እዚ ኣብቲ ምዕራባዊ ግንባር ኤርትራ ዝኾነ ይኹን ወትሃደራዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ብስርዓት ኣስመራ ከምዘየሎን ኣራጋጊጽና ኣሎና።
Addis applies pressure on Eritrea
Indian Ocean Newsletter POLITICS & POWER
n°1385 – 01/08/2014
Ethiopian military high command gathered a meeting of Eritrean opponents to push them into being more active against Eritrean President Issayas Afeworki.
General Mohamed-Nur Yunus known as Samora, the Ethiopian army general chief of staff and a member of the Tigrayan Muslim minority, convened a meeting of Eritrean opposition leaders at Mekele (Tigray Regional State) on 18 July. This is the first such meeting since 2005. It was led by retired General Mesfin Amare who heads both the Ethiopian foreign affairs ministry’s Liaison office for Eritrean matters and the Sana’a Forum. According to our sources, the meeting had a particularly important point on its agenda: ousting Eritrean President Issayas Afeworki.
The Ethiopian officers reproached the Eritrean opponents for lacking coordination and they firmly advised them to devise a coherent and realistic strategy to overthrow the Eritrean government. The Eritrean opposition’s eight armed factions, which have been in fruitless negotiations since 2009 to form a joint military front against Afeworki, were represented at the meeting. Namely, the Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO) which lost one of its leaders on 7 July, Abdul Karim Qadr, killed by Eritrean border guards, the Democratic Movement for the Liberation of the Eritrean Kunama (DMLEK), the Eritrean National Salvation Front (ENSF), Eslah, the Democratic Movement of Eritrean Saho (DMES), the Eritrean Movement for Democracy and Justice (EMDJ), the Eritrean Democratic Unity Front (EDUF) and the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF).
An Open letter to H.E. Mr. Ron Dermer,
Ambassador of Israel to the United States of America
Embassy of Israel, Washington D.C.
Dear Ambassador Dermer,
I am writing on behalf of thousands of Eritreans who are in Israel in conditions that raise serious concerns of human rights and humanitarian issues. They have been corralled and placed in mass detention camps in the Negev desert by the government of Israel. Recently, they broke out of the camp in protest, in a desperate effort to tell the world about their conditions. Who are these people, and why have they been treated in a manner unworthy of Israel? They are refugees forced out of their beloved homeland because of repression and conditions of forced labor practiced by the government of Eritrea. The repression and conditions of forced labor have been condemned by the United Nations whose Council on Human Rights recently appointed a Commission of Inquiry to investigate Eritrea’s egregious human rights violations.
These young people are not economic refugees in search of work in Israel but victims of an intolerable condition of life that left them no alternative but to flee. They find themselves in Israel because Israel is, like Egypt and Libya, a gateway to their ultimate destination—Europe (and America). In this hazardous journey, these people have passed through hell; some have survived a cruel fate, including torture at the hands of human traffickers and human organ harvesters. They chose Israel as a safer alternative gateway, only to end up warehoused like cattle in detention camps. And the entire world has seen scenes of Israeli security forces mistreating them when they organized a protest march having broken out of the detention camp. Such treatments serve neither the end of justice nor Israel’s security imperative.
In view of the conditions that forced these refugees out of their homes—en route to Europe—and given the limit of Israel’s capacity to absorb them, surely the sensible way to handle the problem is for Israel to take the initiative to help launch an international strategy to resettle them elsewhere in the world. I appeal to you, in the name of justice and of the founding values of democracy and humanity on which we hear Israel was created, to urge your government to do everything in their power to find ways of resettling these refugees elsewhere. In the meantime, it behooves the Israeli government to make sure that these refugees are treated humanely. I recently heard you being interviewed by a prominent American newsman, and was impressed by the eloquence with which you presented Israel’s case regarding some current security issues in the region. Whether I agree with you or not is beside the point; the point is the clarity and coherence with you which you stated your case. On the same occasion, Mr. Shimon Perez, the former President of Israel, was interviewed by the same newsman. In one of his remarks, Mr. Perez said that being Jewish (and Israeli) is synonymous with being democrat. I am paraphrasing his remark, but in essence it said categorically that Israel is a democratic and humane nation because its Jewish population is made up of men and women who embrace democratic and humane values. He seemed to say that this is in their DNA; and that was what prompted me to write this open letter.
It may also be of interest to add a couple of points. First of all, I am an American citizen of Eritrean origin who is now an academic having worked as a high-ranking government official in the administration of justice, in Ethiopia. Moreover, I have been in Israel; the first and last time I was in Israel was as a young lawyer who had the rare opportunity of attending the Eichmann trial, an experience that enabled me to gain a unique insight into the “Jewish Question” in European and world history. I heard the stories of many Holocaust survivors relate their horrendous experience; as some broke down, Gideon Hausner, the Attorney General, broke down with them, and was admonished by Judge Landau who told him to compose himself. It was a moving experience that is indelible in the mind and inevitably colors one’s view on things. Mind you, that unique experience also often raised in my mind questions concerning Israeli government policy and actions with respect to Palestinian rights. Such questions were revived in my mind as I heard President Perez speak about the democratic and humane values that he said animate Israel’s governance. Surely, those democratic and humane values should operate to govern the treatment of these unfortunate souls. Again, I appeal to you to urge your government to find a satisfactory solution to the plight of the Eritrea refugees. It is not my place to tell you as to what should exactly be done beyond what I suggested above, in general terms.
In conclusion, need I remind you of two prohibitions by international norms that must be observed with utmost care. One is that the refugees should not be subjected to any form of harsh treatment by anybody. After all, most of them left their homelands to escape harsh treatment. The second prohibition is against the forcible repatriation of refugees to their country of origin. No one should be sent back against his or her will. As you know, this is one of the most critical questions on which all civilized behavior is judged. I hope and trust that Israel will not repatriate any refugee against his or will. History and God will be your judge.
Dr. Bereket Habte Selassie
Distinguished Professor of African Studies and Professor of Law
The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
firstname.lastname@example.org. Tel: (919)962-3538. Fax: (919)962-2694
Briefing Notes, 4 July 2014
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 4 July 2014, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
UNHCR is deeply concerned over recent forced returns, or refoulement, of Eritrean and other asylum seekers and refugees from Sudan. These include an incident on Monday, 30 June in Eastern Sudan where 74 Eritreans were sent back to Eritrea through Laffa border crossing point, according to information received from immigration authorities.
The asylum-seekers had been convicted on charges of illegal entry into Sudan under national immigration laws. They were not given access to asylum procedures in order to have their claims reviewed by the competent authorities.
Such deportations of asylum-seekers amount to refoulement and constitute a serious violation of the 1951 Refugee Convention as well as the 2014 Sudanese Asylum Act.
The UN Refugee Agency reminds the Government of Sudan of its obligations under international and Sudanese law and urges the Sudanese authorities to provide all asylum-seekers immediate access to asylum procedures and protection from refoulement.
There are over 160,000 refugees and asylum-seekers in Sudan mainly from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and South Sudan.
For more information on this topic, please contact:
In Geneva, Babar Baloch on mobile +41 79 557 9106